Encapsulated pneumococci in sputum (indicated with arrows). Notice the clear zone around blue stained bacterial cells caused by the presence of a polysaccharide capsule. In the picture you can also see an epithelial cell (large cell in the center) and leucocytes. In the right bottom is a detail of pneumococci arranged in a short chain of ovoid (lanceolate) cocci. Gram stain, magnification ×1000.